Carl R. Rogers & Natalie Rogers
Carl Ransom Rogers
January 8, 1902—February 4, 1987
Carl R. Rogers, was a founder of the humanistic psychology movement and perhaps the most influential psychologist in American history. He wrote 16 books and more than 200 professional articles and received many honors. He was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize in 1987, shortly before his death.
His contributions are outstanding in the fields of education, counseling, psychotherapy, peace, and conflict resolution. His work and philosophy are so embedded in modern psychology that many of his tenets are taken for granted in present day teaching. He has profoundly influenced the world through his empathic presence and his rigorous research.
His best-known books are: On Becoming a Person, Client Centered Therapy, Freedom to Learn, A way of Being, Carl Rogers on Personal Power, and Becoming Partners: Marriage and Its Alternatives. Two of his books have been published posthumously: The Carl Rogers’ Reader, a collection of his most influential writings, and Carl Rogers’ Dialogues, which features interchanges with such other giants in the field as Paul Tillich, B.F. Skinner, Gregory Bateson, and Rollo May.
His lifetime of research and experiential work focused on demonstrating the psychological conditions for allowing open communication and the empowering of individuals to achieve their full potential.
He pioneered the move away from traditional psychoanalysis, and developed client-centered psychotherapy, which recognizes that “each client has within him or herself the vast resources for self-understanding, for altering his or her self-concept, attitudes, and self-directed behavior—and that these resources can be tapped by providing a definable climate of facilitative attitudes.”
These core attitudes/conditions for growth and change are: congruence—the counselor must be self-aware and completely genuine; unconditional positive regard—the counselor must be non-judgmental and valuing of the client; empathy—the counselor must strive to understand the client’s experience from their perspective.
These concepts were so radical at the time that Rogers was initially criticized and dismissed by the psychiatric/psychological establishment. Today, these ideas are a part of almost every therapeutic modality.
Carl Rogers’ last decade was devoted to applying his theories in areas of national social conflict, and he traveled worldwide to accomplish this. In Belfast, Ireland, he brought together influential Protestants and Catholics; in South Africa, blacks and whites, in the United States, consumers and providers in the health field. His last trip, at age 85, was to the Soviet Union, where he lectured and facilitated intensive experiential workshops fostering communication and creativity. He was astonished at the numbers of Russians who knew of his work.
Recognition of his work has come through dozens of honorary awards and degrees bestowed on him from around the world, among them the American Psychology Association’s Distinguished Scientific Contribution Award the first year it was given. A few years later he also received the American Psychology Association’s Distinguished Professional Contribution Award.
Carl Rogers was a model for compassion and democratic ideals in his own life, and in his work as an educator, writer, and therapist.
October 9, 1928—October 17, 2015
Natalie Rogers was a pioneer in expressive arts therapy. Building on her father's work she developed a multi-modal, Person-Centered Expressive Arts Process which she named
"The Creative Connection".©
She wrote three books and numerous articles. She led trainings in Russia, England, Scotland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, Denmark, France,
Italy, Belgium, Germany, Japan, South Korea, China, Mexico, Argentina, Chile, Brazil,
and the U.S.
Natalie trained with and was a colleague of her father, Carl Rogers. In her early professional years she worked in a psychiatric clinic, a college counseling center and as a therapist in a school for emotionally disturbed children. After that she went into private practice for 25 years.
In 1984 Natalie, with her daughter Frances Fuchs, founded and began teaching at the Person-Centered Expressive Therapy Institute in Santa Rosa, California. This was a 400-hour training program in which professionals (therapists, artists, educators, and health professionals)
could gain skills in the person-centered approach, and the expressive arts.
She facilitated groups, trained therapists and lectured internationally until her death in 2015.
She was an adjunct professor at the California Institute of Integral Studies and the Institute for Imaginal Studies.
Her personal mission was to facilitate personal and planetary healing by incorporating the expressive arts in cross-cultural work.
In 1998 she was awarded the first Lifetime Achievement Award by the International Expressive Arts Therapy Association and in 2015 she was given the Carl R. Rogers Heritage Award.
Natalie was an artist, feminist, activist, educator, psychotherapist and mother of three.
She authored many articles and three books:
Emerging Woman: A Decade of Midlife Transitions, The Creative Connection: Expressive Arts as Healing, and The Creative Connection for Groups: Person-Centered Expressive Arts for Healing and Social Change.
"The curious paradox is that when I accept myself just as I am, then I can change."
—Carl. R. Rogers
For detailed Biographical information about his life history and theories use the links below:
For more information about Natalie
use the links below:
"I believe that creativity is like freedom,
once you taste it, you can't do without it. It is a
transforming and healing process." —Natalie Rogers